Wednesday, 16 April 2014

Leishmaniasis Symptoms And Treatment In Dogs


The leishmaniasis is caused by the parasite Leishmania infantum transmitted by the bite of small insects, sand flies (gnats) , which in United States are generally active from May to October . At one time the disease was present only in central and southern United States, especially in coastal areas, but for the last ten years have been reported new outbreaks in many areas of northern United States . Certainly the climatic changes combined with increased movement of people, goods and dogs have contributed to enlargment area of diffusion.

The Leishmania lives inside the cells of the dog's immune system, making infected and vehicle of the disease.

It is a chronic disease that leads to progressive damage to the dog and it is therefore necessary to identify those patients quickly and provide their treatment. The leishmaniasis is a zoonosis , that is, it can be also infected humans, therefore, its diffusion is monitored by the National Health Service.

For dogs who live in endemic areas and in summer for those who have traveled to areas at risk is important to perform a control test every year at the vet in order to verify if the animal has been infected. Just a single blood test: the test with the SNAP ® results will be ready in ten minutes.
More About Dogs Leishmaniasis Symptoms Treatments Causes


Cause The phlebotomist carries the parasite bites and dogs, spreading the infection.


Infection silent

• Felling
• Nosebleeds
• Swelling and extreme pain in the joints
• Decreased appetite
• Weight loss
• Alteration of the hair
• Alterations of the eye
• Growth of abnormal nails


Progression of the disease if left untreated The incubation period of the disease is very long (can be up to 7 years) and leads to progressive damage of various kinds, in severe cases, death.


Co-infection Leishmaniasis is a disease, in some circumstances, even humans. Because it is a disease that affects the immune system of the dog, the subject debilitated could be hit by other parasitic infections.


Diagnosis Simple blood test: SNAP ® test Leishmania , result in only 10 minutes. For more diagnostic possibilities, ask your veterinarian.


Treatment Specific therapy and collateral. Get directions to your veterinarian


Prognosis Leishmaniasis is a chronic disease, not completely curable, but early diagnosis and regular checks help ensure the dog a good quality of life. The disease can be fatal in severe cases.


Vaccination Available, recently introduced on the market. Get directions to your Veterinarian.


Other forms of prevention Use of pesticides and other topical prescribed by the veterinarian, specific against sandflies. In endemic areas, keep the animals in the house at night.

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