Thursday, 25 September 2014

Lyme Disease (Borreliosis) in Dogs


The borreliosis is caused by a spiral-shaped bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to our four-legged friends from the sting by ticks of the genus Ixodes Ricinus .

These ticks have their natural habitat in the forests and in rural areas, with great ability to attack different animal hosts, domestic and wild animals, including humans.

Borreliosis is also known as Lyme Disease : The name is derived from an outbreak that occurred in Connetticut in the mid-seventies, as manifested by an increase of arthritis in children and skin rashes.

This disease is a zoonosis , a disease that is transmissible from dog to man, but always and only by means of a vector as the brand.

Spread like wildfire in America, in UK the areas most subject to risk borreliosis are the England and Wales ; Therefore, if you live in these areas, or you go on vacation in those areas, greater attention is required to the health of your dog, even if other areas are subject.

Borreliosis is a skin disorder that also affects the degenerative nervous system, heart and joints of dogs.

Since it is very difficult to make a timely diagnosis of borreliosis, as the symptoms occur gradually and not very clear, it is important to perform a control test every year at the vet in order to verify if the animal has been infected. Just a single blood test: the test with the SNAP ® results will be ready in just eight minutes
What is it and how to cure Borreliosis
 
Cause The hard tick (Ixodes ricinus) carrying bacteria and stings dogs, spreading the infection.
 

Infection silent

• Signs skin in the area of the sting
• High fever
• Muscle aches
• Lameness
• Arthritis 


In humans, the most frequent sign and quaint, but not always present, is a redness of the skin, skin affected by localized at the site of the tick bite, which tends to grow slowly. It is the so-called 'erythema migrans' clinical sign of early onset and localized, which appears after 5-30 days around the tick bite. It may be associated with fever and fatigue.
 

Progression of the disease if left untreated Muscular problems and inflammation of the joints with up to the lameness and polyarthritis. In cases of acute borreliosis are also involved in the liver, kidneys, as well as presenting neurological disorders and cardiac.

Co-infection A debilitated animal is more subject to infection by other parasites that live in the same environment. That is why it is always important to verify that a person is not also positive anaplasmosis bearer of leishmaniasis or tick-borne diseases.


Diagnosis Simple blood test: SNAP ® test 4Dx , result in only 8 minutes. For more diagnostic possibilities, ask your veterinarian.


Treatment Specific antibiotic therapy and collateral. Ask your veterinarian.


Prognosis If identified and treated early, the outcome is generally very good and there is a complete disappearance of symptoms.


Vaccination In stock.


Other forms of prevention Use of topical repellents and other prescribed by your veterinarian, inspection and removal of ticks daily.

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